Activators and Summarizers
The US Digital Literacy site provides my favorite definitions of activators and summarizers. They define activators as "techniques to activate students’ prior knowledge through the use of engaging strategies designed to focus learning" and summarizers as "activities to promote the retention of knowledge through the use of engaging strategies designed to rehearse and practice skills for the purpose of moving knowledge into long-term memory". Whether you call these strategies dip-sticking, activation of prior knowledge, or checking for understanding, these formative assessment structures serve an important role in teaching and learning.
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